Infant Caregiver: What Is It? and How to Become One?

An infant with his caregiver - featured image

An infant caregiver, also known as a nanny, is a professional who provides specialized care for babies and children under the age of 3. 

Infant caregivers play an incredibly vital role in early childhood development by ensuring the health, safety, nutrition, enrichment, and overall well-being of the little ones under their close and trusted supervision each day. 

These child development professionals nurture infants during the most rapid and crucial stage of growth in their lives. 

If you love working passionately with infants, have an innate skill for calming and connecting with babies, and have a strong interest in early childhood development principles, then becoming a certified infant caregiver may be an exceptionally rewarding and meaningful career path for you to consider.

Who Can Qualify as a Caregiver?

Infant caregivers come from diverse backgrounds, with varying levels of education and experience working with young children. At a minimum, most families hiring a nanny will look for someone reliable, nurturing, and knowledgeable about infant development and care. 

Some specific qualifications that can help you stand out in this field include formal training in early childhood education, previous childcare experiences such as babysitting, certification in infant CPR and first aid, and excellent references. 

Who qualifies as a caregiver depends on specific requirements and also on the family’s specific needs and preferences when hiring childcare help.

Responsibilities of an Infant Caregiver

The daily responsibilities of an infant caregiver are wide-ranging but generally focus on keeping babies safe, fed, clean, stimulated, and on a proper sleep schedule. More specific duties typically include:


Preparing bottles, feeding solid foods, following dietary instructions, ensuring proper nutrition, and documenting feeding patterns for parents’ review.

Bathing and Grooming

Bathing, changing diapers, dressing, nail clipping, maintaining hygiene routines, and observing for any signs of skin irritation or discomfort.

Nap and Sleep Schedules

Establishing/following naps per parents’ preferences, putting baby to sleep, monitoring sleeping, and adjusting schedules to accommodate developmental changes.

Developmental Activities

Reading, playtime, tummy time, sensory games to stimulate cognitive/motor growth, and documenting developmental milestones for parental updates.


Taking the baby on walks or outings, driving to/from activities and appointments, and ensuring the safety and comfort of the baby during travel.

In addition to directly caring for the infant, nannies also typically help maintain a clean, safe environment, do the baby’s laundry, document daily happenings, and communicate regularly with parents.

Educational Background

While specific education requirements vary by family, training in early childhood development can make you a more attractive candidate when seeking infant caregiver positions. Some educational paths to consider include:

Early Childhood Education Degree

A diploma or associate’s degree program in early childhood education teaches the basics of childhood development along with practical techniques for educating and caring for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. 

Coursework typically includes health, nutrition, and safety; understanding behavior and guiding children positively; designing fun yet enriching activities; and managing a childcare environment.

Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential

The nationally recognized Child Development Associate credential requires 120 hours of formal childcare training along with 480 hours of professional classroom experience with children. 

Earning a CDA allows you to demonstrate essential competencies for working with kids such as safety, health, relationship-building, and supporting social/emotional needs.

Infant Care Specialist Certification

Specialized instruction such as an Infant Care Specialist certification can set you apart when applying for nanny positions. Reputable certification programs cover infant development, safety, feeding, parenting philosophies, managing fussy babies, and more. Certification signifies advanced expertise in caring for infants 0-12 months.

Key Skills and Qualities

In addition to relevant education and credentials, certain soft skills and personal qualities can help you thrive as an infant caregiver:

Reliability & Dependability

Parents need to trust that the baby will receive consistent, attentive care and that the nanny will always respond promptly and appropriately. Demonstrating a strong sense of responsibility and reliability fosters a sense of security for both parents and the infant.

Patience & Care

Caring for an infant demands tremendous patience and care at all times through fussiness, messes, sleeplessness, and more. A loving, unshakable temperament is essential.

Communication Skills

Conveying a baby’s moods, needs, daily schedule, and more to parents is key. Strong written and verbal communication alleviates parent worries.


When inevitable issues arise such as a baby resisting sleep, you need critical thinking to troubleshoot solutions, weighing the pros and cons of various approaches.

Physical Stamina

The role requires lots of bending, lifting, playing on the floor, and walking, all while needing vigilant attention to safety. Ensure you have the needed energy and mobility.

Becoming an Infant Caregiver

If you have a genuine love and knack for connecting with infants along with the maturity, responsibility, education, and experience to excel in a nanny role, then pursue professional infant caregiver job openings. High-quality nannies are in continual demand. You can search sites like, SitterCity,, and local childcare job boards. 

Just be prepared for a rigorous screening process as parents interview candidates extensively. Common steps when hiring household staff like nannies include:

Initial Phone Interview

Parents will ask about your skills, education, experience, preferred salary, and more to determine if moving forward makes sense.

In-Person Interview

Meeting with the parents and baby allows everyone to assess compatibility. Come prepared to interact comfortably with the baby and answer situational questions about disciplines around feeding, sleep, development, and more.

Background Checks

Expect extensive background checks including employment verification, fingerprinting, criminal history, driving record, child abuse registry check, and more.

Reference Checks

Assuming the background check is cleared, parents will contact your references to validate past childcare work and reliability.

Trial Period

Many families start new nannies in a 1-3 week temporary role, allowing everyone to evaluate the working relationship before formalizing long-term employment.

Work Agreement/Contract

Finally, ensure your exact days/hours, duties, compensation, payroll, and time off are all captured in a signed work agreement protecting both you and the employer.

Embarking on an infant caregiver career comes with challenges but infinite rewards too. You’ll gain priceless experience guiding the development of little ones along with memories to cherish for life. 

With the right education, skills, and dedication, you can build an incredibly meaningful career caring for infants as they blossom.